The Saratoga Campaign: The History and Legacy of the Revolutionary Wars Turning Point .

*Includes pictures
*Includes excerpts of contemporary accounts
*Includes a bibliography for further reading
*Includes a table of contents

The American Revolution is replete with seminal moments that every American learns in school, from the shot heard round the world to the Declaration of Independence, but the events that led up to the fighting at Lexington s leg was shattered by a volley that also hit his horse, which fell on the leg as well. Arnold would later remark that he wished the shot had hit him in the chest, and if it had, Benedict Arnold would be remembered as one of Americas greatest war heroes, second only to George Washington among the generals of the Revolution. In fact, when Arnold was injured at the height of his success in October 1777, he had been the most successful leader of American forces during the war. Arnold had been instrumental in the seizure of Fort Ticonderoga in 1775, he constructed the first makeshift American navy to defend Lake Champlain and delay British campaigning in 1776, and he was the principal leader at Saratoga in 1777. Even his unsuccessful campaign to Quebec in the winter of 1775 is remembered primarily for the amazing logistical feats undertaken by Arnold and his men to even reach the target.
All of that was overshadowed by Arnolds treacherous plot to turn over West Point to the British in 1780, but his controversial actions at Saratoga and the results may very well have saved the cause he subsequently betrayed.

By the time the decisive American victory was finished, Burgoyne had lost nearly 20% of his effective fighting during the battles at Saratoga, and after a few days his trapped army surrendered to the Americans. In December 1776, Benjamin Franklin was sent by Congress to France to attempt to secure a critically needed alliance. Franklin was an ideal choice for Enlightened France, which revered Franklin for his scientific accomplishments and his known reputation as a brilliant man. Franklin had also been a diplomat before the Revolution, spending several years in London on behalf of the colonies. However, the French refused to provide more than arms and money throughout 1777, until they learned in December 1777 about Saratoga and Burgoynes surrender. With that news, French King Louis XVI entered into a formal military alliance with the United States, and in February 1778, France joined the war.

Naturally, the accolades for Saratoga went to Gates as commanding general, while the grievously wounded Arnold would be recommissioned Major General Arnold with his proper relative rank restored. Even still, Gates failed to credit Arnold for the success at Saratoga, setting in motion Arnold's treachery.

Authors: Various

Date: 2019

Upload Date: 4/13/2021 10:09:37 PM

Format: epub




Language: English



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